The Trump-led Trade War with China: Energy Dominance Self-destructed? – IFRI studies

Under a legal specificity of the United States which considers foreign imports as a « threat to national security », the president Donald Trump imposed quotas or customs rights and launched investigations of national security on a growing number of goods imported to U.S. allies and other countries.

In March and June 2018, the United States imposed tariffs or quotas on steel and aluminium rights to all their trading partners, with the exception of the Australia.

In July and August 2018, the United States began to impose tariffs of $ 50 billion on Chinese industrial products for unfair trade practices.

While China retaliated by adopting countermeasures, the president Trump imposed tariffs on $ 200 billion of Chinese products from September 24, 2018.

Sign of an unprecedented escalation, he also threatened to impose additional customs duties on 267 billion dollars worth of Chinese products.

If that were the case, most of Chinese products entering the United States may be subject to customs duties. China has retaliated and imposed customs duties on American goods $ 60 billion, including a duty of 10% on natural gas liquefied (LNG)


Nepalese Civil War

The Nepalese Civil War was an armed conflict between the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (CPN-M) and the government of Nepal, fought from 1996 to 2006. The rebellion was launched by the CPN-M on 13 February 1996 with the main aim of overthrowing the Nepalese monarchy and establishing a People’s Republic. It ended with the Comprehensive Peace Accord signed on 21 November 2006.

This article traces the path of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist ascent to power from the start of Nepal’s 1996-2006 civil war to its end. In the pattern of several other movements inspired by the success of Mao’s 1948 take-over of the Chinese state, the Maoists of Nepal tactically fought their war in stages, consisting of creation, expansion, and consolidation. Re-examining the lifecycle of Nepal’s Civil War in this context allows us to better understand: the course of events and the timing of significant episodes; the decisions that Maoist leadership made; and what techniques the Maoists used in order to make in-roads during each phase of the conflict.

(PDF) The Strategic Revolutionary Phases of the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal. Available from: [accessed Sep 30 2018].

Letras de la independencia de México


El Grito de Dolores es considerado el acto con que dio inicio la guerra de Independencia de México. Según la tradición, consistió en el llamado que el cura Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, en compañía de Ignacio Allende, Juan Aldama, hizo a sus feligreses con el fin de que se levantaran en armas contra la Nueva España en la mañana del 16 de septiembre de 1810, para lo cual tocó una de la campanas de la parroquia de Dolores, hoy municipio de Dolores Hidalgo, estado de Guanajuato.

El Grito de México

La Independencia de México fue la consecuencia de un proceso político y social resuelto por vía de las armas, que puso fin al dominio español en los territorios de Nueva España. La guerra por la independencia mexicana tuvo su antecedente en la invasión de Francia a España en 1808 y se extendió desde el Grito de Dolores, el 16 de septiembre de 1810, hasta la entrada del Ejército Trigarante a la Ciudad de México, el 27 de septiembre de 1821.éxico

Paz Velasco, Criminal-mente la criminología como ciencia



Entrevista de Paz Velasco criminóloga, autora de « Criminal-mente »

¿Qué es lo lleva a una persona a matar? esta es una de las preguntas que lleva haciéndose la humanidad desde los principios de la histora. Hoy tenemos con nosotros a Paz Velasco criminóloga y escritora de « Criminalmente » y nos cuenta los rasgos principales de los psicópatas


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The Mafia and the Migrant Crisis : Nigeria-Sicily case


“[Nigerians] are victims on two fronts. They are victims of both Sicilian and Nigerian criminality.”

The role of organized crime in the smuggling of migrants from West Africa to the European Union

The Mafia And The Migrants: Italy has, since 2014, found itself of the frontline of the Migrant crisis drawing refugees and economic migrants from across the Med. With the state on the ropes in terms of finances, migrant detention contracts were handed over to the private sector, and caught the attention of local mafia syndicates as a means of collecting public money.